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History Santo Domingo Dominican Republic

capital of the Dominican Republic, Santo Domingo is a fascinating city full of history. Witness the events that marked the country, Santo Domingo is the identity of this Caribbean nation.

Origin and Development of Santo Domingo

Its unique history has shaped the identity of all the Dominican Republic resulted in Santo Domingo today be classified World Heritage by UNESCO. Santo Domingo is indeed the oldest European settlement but also the most populous city in the Caribbean. Combining the charm of the old city and its modern face today, Santo Domingo is a city with many facets that should experience during a stay in the Dominican Republic .

The history of Saint-Domingue begins August 7, 1496, when Bartholomew Columbus, brother of Christopher Columbus installs a city on the River Ozama. At the time, the country still bears the name New World or Nueva Isabela in honor of Isabella the Catholic. Unfortunately, the city was devastated by a terrible hurricane and will then be renovated by the English, there it is called Saint-Domingue. To ensure production in plantations, the Spaniards call the African labor force by importing slaves. Indeed, Santo Domingo has always been rich and fertile, suitable for planting coffee and spices.

French colonization in the Dominican Republic

the 17th century, when the English, attracted by the treasures of other countries such as Peru or Mexico , gradually leave the island, the French buccaneers began to invade the scene and make their colony Saint-Domingue. The Treaty of Rijswijk in 1697 signed between France and Spain formalizes the power of the French on the island. The people are beginning to assert its independence in 1791, when the slave revolt in Haiti led by Toussaint l'Ouverture bursts. The Spaniards are forced to cede full powers to the French.

Haiti became independent in 1804, but St. Dominge finds himself in an unstable situation and does not know the independence in 1844, the big change is officially proclaimed in 1865. From that moment the United States began gradually to take care of Santo Domingo. The bloody dictatorship of Trujillo then takes place. For ten years, Santo Domingo is then between the Party and the Socialist Revolutionary Party. There are many historic sites that tell and show the unique history of San Domingo, namely the Casa del Tostado, the museum of the Dominican family in the 19th century and home of Maximo Gomez, a big name of the revolution in Montecristi . Relive the highlights of Santo Domingo conducting a tour around the island.


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